About the Institutional Review Board (IRB) and the Research Compliance Office (RCO)
As reflected in Scott & White’s mission, the endeavor of conducting research is essential to enhancing medical science and clinical care. However, great care must be taken to ensure the complete safety and well-being of the human subjects participating in clinical research studies. In order to ensure human subjects’ safety and protection, the federal government established regulations to provide oversight of research involving human subjects. At Scott & White, there are two complementary mechanisms to provide human subject protection and oversight – the Institutional Review Board (IRB) and the Research Compliance Office (RCO).
Institutional Review Board (IRB)
The Institutional Review Board, or IRB, is a federally mandated committee responsible for ensuring the protection of the rights and welfare of human research subjects. Scott & White has one IRB, and it is comprised of scientific and non-scientific members as well as unaffiliated community representatives.
Research Compliance Office (RCO)
The Research Compliance Office, or RCO, is an administrative entity within the Corporate Compliance Office. The purpose of the RCO is to ensure compliance with the human subject research regulations set forth by the federal government. In order to ensure this compliance, the Internal Audit arm within the RCO performs research quality management oversight and auditing (both random and for-cause) functions of research conducted at Scott & White. The other arm within the RCO provides administrative support for the IRB.